Publications

To receive updates about BECP publications subscribe to the BECP Mailing List.

Additional resources are also available from the Building America Solution Center.


Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: January 2007
Page Focus: Compliance

A study of U.S. architects, electrical engineers, lighting designers, and building contractors and their attitudes and compliance rates; sponsored by the Architectural Products Magazine and the Lighting Controls Association. The purpose of the study was to discover to what extent commercial energy codes are being implemented and enforced.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: June 2017
Page Focus: Compliance, Residential

A research project in the State of Arkansas identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in May 2015 and continued through October 2015. During this period, research teams visited 226 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $300,000 in potential annual savings to Arkansas homeowners that could result from increased code compliance.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: July 2008
Page Focus: Adoption, Compliance

This report described the results of a two-year Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance study intended to improve understanding of the new commercial building stock in the Pacific Northwest region. It provided a new regional baseline for practices in commercial buildings constructed between 2002 and 2004 and compared those practices with previous baseline and code compliance studies conducted from 1996 to 1998. The study also looked at changes in design professionals' attitudes toward energy efficiency across the same periods.

Document type: Other, Program Information, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: February 2010
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance

In order to provide a basic introduction to the varied and complex issues associated with building energy codes, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program, with valued assistance from the International Codes Council and ASHRAE, has prepared Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction. This guide is designed to speak to a broad audience with an interest in building energy efficiency, including state energy officials, architects, engineers, designers, and members of the public.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: August 2007
Page Focus: Compliance, Enforcement

A study funded by the North American Insulation Manufacturers Association to identify "the best practices in energy code support, compliance, and enforcement, and...[to promote and replicate] those best practices in other municipalities across Arizona."

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: September 2011
Page Focus: Adoption, Compliance

Conformity assessment is a term used to describe the processes followed to demonstrate that a product, service, management system, or body meets specified requirements, such as standards, codes, laws, regulations, or other criteria. With respect to energy codes, conformity assessment includes all activities and tasks undertaken by any number of entities to ensure that the provisions of an adopted energy code are achieved at a designated point in time. This report identifies and discusses conformity assessment activities and provides guidance for developing new or adjusting existing ways of verifying compliance. In addition, this report looks at different ways to ensure that the energy efficiency goals of an adopted code or standard are achieved.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: April 2009
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance

At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, the Joint Global Change Research Institute has prepared a series of reports surveying building energy codes in seven of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Energy and Climate (APP) countries. These reports include country reports on building energy codes in each APP partner country and a comparative report based on the country reports.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: July 2008
Page Focus: Compliance, Enforcement

This report was developed by Pennsylvania Housing Research Center (PHRC) in order to describe PHRC’s energy code technical assistance pilot program and to report the conclusions of the energy code enforcement and compliance study. The program focused on providing a technical assistance program and assessing “common energy enforcement and building practices” for several municipalities, COGs and third- party agencies that volunteered for the program.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: July 2017
Page Focus: Compliance, Residential

A research project in the State of Georgia identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in April 2015 and continued through November 2015. During this period, research teams visited 216 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $3 million in potential annual savings to Georgia homeowners that could result from increased code compliance.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2014
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance, Residential

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory analyzed the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the traditional simulation-based Performance Path used in the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The analysis evaluates, for a single-family residence with various characteristics, the ranges of HERS Index values that would imply compliance with the 2012 IECC Performance Path. Several building characteristics considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches, or otherwise believed to be of interest to code developers and policy makers, are considered in the analysis.

Document type: Analysis, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2017
Page Focus: Adoption, Compliance

This study used a three-step process to evaluate the degree to which high-impact controls requirements included in commercial energy codes are realizing their savings potential. The three-step process included: (1) interviews of commissioning agents; (2) field audits of a sample of commercial buildings to determine how well control measures are being designed, commissioned and correctly implemented; and (3) analysis of the information gathered.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2005
Page Focus: Compliance

This report assessed commercial building practices to the 2003 International Code Council International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Plan review and field inspection of 55 new construction commercial buildings determined if the plans complied with the IECC, and if the building was built to the plans and code. Because an energy code had not previously been enforced, personnel were trained to conduct the onsite inspections and collect data on "typical" commercial construction. Compliance issues were identified and documented.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: August 2017
Page Focus: Compliance, Residential

A research project in the Commonwealth of Kentucky identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in April 2015 and continued through August 2015. During this period, research teams visited 140 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $1,200,000 in potential annual savings to Kentucky homeowners that could result from increased code compliance.

Document type: Compliance Tool, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2010
Page Focus: Compliance

In this document, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program provides a detailed set of procedures that may help states as they engage in activities in support of code implementation and enforcement as well as measurement of the compliance rate associated with the codes and standards named in legislation, most notably those associated with measuring and reporting rates of compliance.

Document type: Compliance Tool, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2010
Page Focus: Compliance

To supplement the Measuring State Energy Code Compliance report, this user-friendly action plan summarizes the main procedures, shows further options, and points to several ready-made resources and web-based tools U.S Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program is releasing to support the process.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: August 2017
Page Focus: Compliance, Residential

A research project in the State of North Carolina identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in January 2015 and continued through September 2015. During this period, research teams visited 249 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $1.5 million in potential annual savings to North Carolina homeowners that could result from increased code compliance.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: June 2008
Page Focus: Compliance

This study looked at seven building measures in both the residential and nonresidential sectors to learn how closely actual building practices adhere to newly adopted codes. Data were collected by reviewing permits and conducting verification site visits for a sample of building projects throughout the state. Key findings from this study include quantitative estimates of noncompliance rates for the seven measures, as well as qualitative information about some unexpected complexities associated with data collection efforts around building practices, both at building departments (during permit review) and at building sites (during inspection).

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: June 2009
Page Focus: Compliance

The objective of this report is to assess the compliance of newly-constructed single-family homes with the Vermont Residential Building Energy Standards (RBES). This analysis is part of a broader study of the single-family residential new construction market in Vermont.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: February 2007
Page Focus: Compliance

The primary goal of this paper was to review existing energy code evaluation studies, and make recommendations for future work in this area. The secondary purpose is to address this existing body of literature as it relates to the quantification of the savings gap, defined as the energy savings foregone due to non-compliance with the energy code adopted in a state or local jurisdiction.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2004
Page Focus: Compliance

A study prepared for the Long Island Power Authority to analyze "new construction practices and market conditions from the summer and fall of 2003." The results of the study were used during the design of the Long Island Power Authority's New York ENERGY STAR Labeled Homes Program (NYESLHP).

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: January 2006
Page Focus: Compliance

A report conducted by the Southwest Energy Efficiency Project (SWEEP) that "reviews state and utility programs aimed at stimulating the construction of highly energy-efficient new homes in the states of Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, and Utah."

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2007
Page Focus: Compliance

A study prepared for the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance that "characterize ssingle-family residential new construction using a representative sample of buildings constructed in 2004 and 2005...The results will provide a baseline for ENERGY STAR® New Homes Northwest specifications."

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2007
Page Focus: Adoption, Compliance

The goal of the study was twofold: 1) to refine the original estimates made of noncompliance, initial market penetration, and naturally occurring market adoption rates by researching and analyzing the factors contributing to each parameter; and 2) to test the 2006 California Energy Efficiency Evaluation Protocols (Evaluation Protocols) as it applies to determining net savings resulting from Program activities.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: April 2010
Page Focus: Compliance

This report explains Minnesota’s experience in demonstrating that it is possible to implement a code requiring tight construction, as long as provisions are included for ventilation and make up air to avoid the potential harmful effects of depressurization.