Publications

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Document type: Determination, Other
Publication Date: September 2014
Page Focus: Regulatory

This document, concerning residential building codes is an action issued by the Department of Energy. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

Document type: Analysis
Publication Date: August 2014
Page Focus: Regulatory

This report documents the technical analysis used to evaluate whether residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the 2015 IECC would result in energy efficiency improvements over residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the previous edition, the 2012 IECC. PNNL considered all code change proposals approved for inclusion in the 2015 IECC during the ICC code development cycle2, and evaluated their combined impact on a suite of prototypical residential building energy models across all U.S. climate zones.

Document type: Analysis, Technical Support Document
Publication Date: August 2014
Page Focus: Code Development

This report documents the technical analysis used to evaluate whether residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the 2015 IECC would result in energy efficiency improvements over residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the previous edition, the 2012 IECC.

Document type: Analysis, Technical Support Document
Publication Date: May 2015
Page Focus: Compliance

This report documents the technical analysis used to evaluate whether residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the 2015 IECC would result in energy efficiency improvements over residential buildings constructed to meet the requirements of the previous edition, the 2012 IECC.

Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Page Focus: Adoption

This toolkit was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) for use by states, municipalities, energy code advocates, policymakers, stakeholders, and all other groups with a vested interest in energy code adoption.

This toolkit provides information and resources to help guide adopting authorities through the adoption process and setting minimum requirements for new construction.

This toolkit provides some insight into how the adoption process may influence the residential and commercial build communities.

Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Page Focus: Compliance

The compliance toolkit describes the steps that should be taken by the build community to make sure that their buildings meet the requirements of the energy codes in effect where the buildings are being built and that the building designs are well documented so that the enforcement community can quickly and easily determine if the building meets the requirement of the energy code.

This toolkit describes the steps that should be taken by the build community to make sure that their buildings meet the requirements of the energy codes in effect where the buildings are being built and that the building designs are well documented so that the enforcement community can quickly and easily determine if the building meets the requirement of the energy code.

Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance, Enforcement

Buildings account for almost 40% of the energy used in the United States and, as a direct result of that use, our environment and economy are impacted. Building energy codes and standards provide an effective response. The Building Energy Codes Program designed the Adoption, Compliance, and Enforcement (ACE) Learning Series for those in the building industry having the greatest potential to influence the adoption of and compliance with building energy codes and standards. Each toolkit in the ACE Learning Series delivers essential information to enable designers, specifiers, builders, building owners, policy makers, code officials, and others involved in building design and construction to understand the important role building energy codes play in helping us all address our energy, economic, and environmental challenges.

Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2013
Page Focus: Compliance

This document, concerning Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance with Building Energy Codes, is an action issued by the Department of Energy. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

[6450-01-P]
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
[Docket No. EERE-2013-BT-BC-0036]
Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance with Building Energy Codes
AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy.
ACTION: Notice of reopening of public comment period.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: January 2017
Page Focus: Residential

A research project in the state of Alabama identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in March 2014, and continued through May 2014. During this period, research teams visited 134 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates nearly $1.3 million in potential savings to Alabama homeowners that could result from increased code compliance. Public and private entities within the state can use this information to justify and catalyze future investments in energy code training and related energy efficiency programs.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: December 2012
Page Focus: Adoption

The purpose of this study is to quantify the energy code adoption rate by local jurisdictions from a sample set of 21 states. Some of the states within this sample have statewide energy codes, while others do not. Using construction starts and weighting results by localities that have or have not adopted energy codes, the findings can suggest a means of identifying which states have “effectively” adopted state-wide codes through local adoption and enforcement.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2010
Page Focus: Adoption

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has established ambitious goals to improve the energy efficiency requirements of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings. DOE has established near- and long-term goals of 30% and 50% energy efficiency improvements, respectively, compared to the 2006 IECC.

This report presents DOE’s approach to calculating residential energy consumption for the purpose of estimating energy savings attributable to improvements in the code. This approach is then used to estimate the national average energy savings, relative to the 2006 IECC, resulting from the proposed improvements DOE submitted and supported for the 2012 IECC. DOE estimates a total reduction in energy use of 30.6% for the projected requirements of the 2012 IECC as compared to the 2006 IECC, assuming the use of the primary compliance option that involves standard-efficiency equipment. Were the high-equipment efficiency option used, the projected savings...

Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2011
Page Focus: Compliance

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes the enormous potential that exists for improving the energy efficiency, safety and comfort of homes. The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) sets the bar for energy efficiency, and air sealing requirements are one of the key provisions.

This guide is a resource for understanding the air leakage requirements in the 2012 IECC and suggestions on how these measures can be met. It also provides information from Building America’s Air Sealing Guide, best Practices and case studies on homes that are currently meeting the provisions. The 2012 IECC and a few International Residential Code requirements are referenced throughout the guide.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2014
Page Focus: Program

Commercial and residential buildings account for approximately 41% of all energy consumption and 72% of electricity usage in the United States. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, assuring reductions in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions over the life of buildings. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP or the Program), supports the improvement of energy efficiency in buildings.

BECP periodically assesses the impacts of its activities by estimating historical and projected energy savings, consumer savings, and avoided emissions. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted the codes benefits assessment in support of the BECP. Underlying the assessment is a series of calculations that estimate and compare energy savings under two scenarios: "with BECP" and "without BECP." The analysis covers the years 1992-2040...

Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: June 2011
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance

This guide provides key information to policy makers on energy codes and standards and offers guidance on how policy makers can support the creation of statewide energy efficiency goals and standards. In addition, this guide instructs policy makers on how they can:

  • Encourage the adoption of statewide codes.
  • Establish energy code awareness programs.
  • Support enforcement of and compliance with energy codes.
  • Participate in the development of model codes and standards.
  • Determine the viability of the new code.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: September 2011
Page Focus: Adoption, Compliance

Conformity assessment is a term used to describe the processes followed to demonstrate that a product, service, management system, or body meets specified requirements, such as standards, codes, laws, regulations, or other criteria. With respect to energy codes, conformity assessment includes all activities and tasks undertaken by any number of entities to ensure that the provisions of an adopted energy code are achieved at a designated point in time. This report identifies and discusses conformity assessment activities and provides guidance for developing new or adjusting existing ways of verifying compliance. In addition, this report looks at different ways to ensure that the energy efficiency goals of an adopted code or standard are achieved.

Document type: Determination, Technical Support Document
Publication Date: September 2009
Page Focus:

The Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1976, as amended, requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether revisions to the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings. An “affirmative determination” for any IECC revision triggers a requirement that each state certify to DOE, within 2 years of the publication of the determination, that it has reviewed the provisions of the new code and made a determination whether it is appropriate to update its building code(s) to meet or exceed the revised IECC.

Document type: Analysis
Publication Date: April 2013
Page Focus: Code Development

The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) require a substantial improvement in energy efficiency compared to the 2006 IECC. This report averages the energy use savings for a typical new residential dwelling unit based on the 2009 and 2012 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Results are reported by the eight climate zones in the IECC and for the national average.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2014
Page Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance, Residential

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory analyzed the relationship between the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Index and the traditional simulation-based Performance Path used in the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The analysis evaluates, for a single-family residence with various characteristics, the ranges of HERS Index values that would imply compliance with the 2012 IECC Performance Path. Several building characteristics considered likely to result in quantifiable differences in the outcomes of the two approaches, or otherwise believed to be of interest to code developers and policy makers, are considered in the analysis.

Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2011
Page Focus: Compliance

Ensuring compliance with HVAC control requirements is difficult, as controls can be difficult to identify on plans or in the building, yet it is a crucial task. HVAC controls are a key driver of building performance and without compliance and enforcement activities, the code requirements may be ignored, overlooked, or misunderstood.

This guide provides an aid that will make it easier to apply the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control requirements found in building energy codes and addresses requirements defined by 2009 and 2012 editions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010.

Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2012
Page Focus: Code Development

The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) prototype building models (prototype models) were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in support of DOE's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), to simulate energy savings associated with changes in energy codes and standards. For residential buildings, PNNL utilized two base prototypes to simulate both Single-family detached house, and Multi-family low-rise apartment building types. Energy models for the 2006, 2009 and 2012 versions of the IECC are available for each state.

Complete IECC Prototype Building Model packages include files for every state by IECC version.

Each ZIP file includes EnergyPlus model input files (.idf) and corresponding output files (.html).

Note: each of these files are over 100 MB in size; download times may vary.

Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: May 2012
Page Focus: Code Development

The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) prototype building models (prototype models) were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in support of DOE's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), to simulate energy savings associated with changes in energy codes and standards. For residential buildings, PNNL utilized two base prototypes to simulate both Single-family detached house, and Multi-family low-rise apartment building types. Energy models for the 2006, 2009 and 2012 versions of the IECC are available for each state.

This set of IECC Prototype Building Models is for the state of Vermont, using a customized version of the 2009 IECC as the baseline code with better slab insulation and windows and tighter duct sealing.

Each ZIP file includes EnergyPlus model input files (.idf) and corresponding output files (.html).

Document type: Code Notes
Publication Date: August 2012
Page Focus: Compliance

The intent of the pipe insulation requirements is to reduce temperature changes while fluids are being transported through piping associated with heating, cooling or service hot water (SHW) systems, thereby saving energy and reducing operating costs.

Document type: State-specific
Publication Date: October 2013
Page Focus: Adoption

Letter from the Kentucky Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction requesting a deadline to file Kentucky's certification statement with respect to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010.

Publication Date: July 2013
Page Focus: Adoption

The energycode for one- and two-family residential structures in Louisiana is Part IV: Energy Conservation of the 2006 IRC. 2009 IECC is currently being enforced in low-rise, multifamily residential structures. ASHRAE 90.1-2007 is currently enforced for commercial construction.

This letter certifies that ACT 390 of 2013 has been signed by the Governor, and it will update Part IV: Energy Conservation of the 2009 IRC effective January 1, 2014, and that ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 is the code  currently enforced by the Louisiana Office of the State Fire Marshal for commercial construction.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: September 2016
Page Focus: Residential

A research project in the state of Maryland investigated energy code-related aspects of residential single-family new construction. The study was initiated in January 2015 and continued through July 2015. During this period, research teams visited 207 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $1.5 million in potential savings to Maryland homeowners that could result from increased code compliance. Public and private entities within the state can use this information to justify and catalyze future investments in energy code training and related energy efficiency programs.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: April 2012
Page Focus: Code Development

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program has developed and established a methodology for evaluating the energy and economic performance of residential energy codes. This methodology serves two primary purposes. First, as DOE participates in the consensus processes of the International Code Council, the methodology described herein will be used by DOE to ensure that its proposals are both energy efficient and cost effective. Second, when a new version of the International Energy Conservation Code is published, DOE will evaluate the new code as a whole to establish expected energy savings and cost effectiveness, which will help states and local jurisdictions interested in adopting the new codes. DOE's measure of cost-effectiveness balances longer-term energy savings against additions to initial costs through a life-cycle cost perspective.

2015 Revision to this document was posted August 12, 2015. This document is an update to the U...

Document type: Analysis
Publication Date: June 2015
Page Focus: Code Development

This analysis focuses on one- and two-family dwellings, townhomes, and low-rise multifamily residential buildings based on the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). PNNL evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the changes in the prescriptive and mandatory residential provisions of the 2015 edition of the IECC, hereafter referred to as the 2015 IECC, compared to those in the 2012 and 2009 IECC. The current analysis builds on the PNNL technical report titled 2015 IECC: Energy Savings Analysis (Mendon et al. 2015) which identified the prescriptive and mandatory changes introduced by the 2015 IECC compared to the 2012 IECC and determined their energy savings impact.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2017
Page Focus: Residential

A research project in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in October 2014 and continued through July 2015. During this period, research teams visited 171 homes during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and indicates over $2.7 million in potential annual savings to Pennsylvania homeowners that could result from increased compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (and equivalent compliance options). Public and private entities within the state can use this information to justify and catalyze future investments in energy code training and related energy efficiency programs.

Document type: Analysis, Determination
Publication Date: April 2019
Page Focus: Code Development

This report provides preliminary estimates of the incremental costs and savings associated with the residential provisions of the 2018 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The analysis is provided to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to help quantify the costs and savings impacts of the latest published edition of the IECC, the 2018 IECC. The resulting information aids in understanding the net costs and economic impacts associated with updated energy codes, which is typically of interest to adopting states and localities.

Document type: Analysis, Determination, Technical Support Document
Publication Date: August 2018
Page Focus: Code Development

The most recent edition, the 2018 IECC, was published in August 2017, triggering the DOE review and determination process. In response, DOE and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a preliminary analysis to determine energy savings for the 2018 IECC residential provisions relative to the previous edition--the 2015 IECC. This report documents the methodology used to conduct the analysis and summarizes the results and findings.

Document type: Technical Support Document
Publication Date: March 2019
Page Focus: Compliance

This report explains the methodology used to develop version 4.6.5 of the REScheck software in order to support compliance determination for IECC editions 2009, 2012, 2015, and 2018.

Publication Date:
Page Focus:

Step-by-step instructions for using REScheck-Web.

Document type: State-specific
Publication Date: July 2013
Page Focus: Adoption

The State of Tennessee, Department of Commerce and Insurance, Division of Fire Prevention certifies that it has adopted the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for one and two family dwellings and townhouses and non-State owned commercial buildings, and ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for State Buildings.

Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: April 2017
Page Focus: Residential

A research project in the state of Texas identified opportunities to reduce homeowner utility bills in residential single-family new construction by increasing compliance with the state energy code. The study was initiated in October 2014; data collection began in March 2015, and continued through October 2015. During this period, research teams visited 133 homes in 30 counties in and around Houston during various stages of construction, resulting in a substantial data set based on observations made directly in the field. Stakeholders in the state agreed that these 30 counties represented the levels of energy codes and enforcement seen across the state. Analysis of the data has led to a better understanding of the energy features present in homes, and, when extrapolated across the entire state, indicates over $16 million in potential annual savings to Texas homeowners that could result from increased code compliance. Public and private entities within the state can use this...