Publications

To receive updates about BECP publications subscribe to the BECP Mailing List.

Additional resources are also available from the Building America Solution Center.


Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: January 2007
Focus: Compliance
A study of U.S. architects, electrical engineers, lighting designers, and building contractors and their attitudes and compliance rates; sponsored by the Architectural Products Magazine and the Lighting Controls Association. The purpose of the study was to discover to what extent commercial energy codes are being implemented and enforced.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date:
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Adoption
This toolkit was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) for use by states, municipalities, energy code advocates, policymakers, stakeholders, and all other groups with a vested interest in energy code adoption. This toolkit provides information and resources to help guide adopting authorities through the adoption process and setting minimum requirements for new construction.This toolkit provides some insight into how the adoption process may influence the residential and commercial build communities.
Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Compliance
The compliance toolkit describes the steps that should be taken by the build community to make sure that their buildings meet the requirements of the energy codes in effect where the buildings are being built and that the building designs are well documented so that the enforcement community can quickly and easily determine if the building meets the requirement of the energy code. This toolkit describes the steps that should be taken by the build community to make sure that their buildings meet the requirements of the energy codes in effect where the buildings are being built and that the building designs are well documented so that the enforcement community can quickly and easily determine if the building meets the requirement of the energy code.
Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Enforcement
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) developed this toolkit to help the enforcement community achieve higher levels of compliance with building energy codes.  Although this toolkit is not intended for use by designers, developers, home owners or renters, building owners, or building operators, it may provide those individuals some insight into the issues facing the enforcement community.
Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance, Enforcement
Buildings account for almost 40% of the energy used in the United States and, as a direct result of that use, our environment and economy are impacted. Building energy codes and standards provide an effective response. The Building Energy Codes Program designed the Adoption, Compliance, and Enforcement (ACE) Learning Series for those in the building industry having the greatest potential to influence the adoption of and compliance with building energy codes and standards. Each toolkit in the ACE Learning Series delivers essential information to enable designers, specifiers, builders, building owners, policy makers, code officials, and others involved in building design and construction to understand the important role building energy codes play in helping us all address our energy, economic, and environmental challenges.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2011
Focus: Code Development
This report documents the progress indicator (PI) process and analysis that Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) developed to evaluate the potential energy savings from the application of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 to building design and construction compared to the application of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004. The report describes PNNL’s EnergyPlus simulation framework, and the building prototype simulation models. The combined upgrades from ASHRAE Standard 90.1 -2004 to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 are described, and consist of a total of 153 approved addenda (44 addenda to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 and 109 addenda to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010). PNNL reviewed and considered all 153 addenda for quantitative analysis in the PI process. Fifty-three of those addenda are included in the quantitative analysis. This report provides information on the categorization of all of the addenda, a summary of the content, and a more in-depth explanation of the impact and modeling of the 53...
Document type: Other
Publication Date: September 2013
Focus: Compliance
This document, concerning Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance with Building Energy Codes, is an action issued by the Department of Energy. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.[6450-01-P]DEPARTMENT OF ENERGYOffice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy[Docket No. EERE-2013-BT-BC-0036]Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance with Building Energy CodesAGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy.ACTION: Notice of reopening of public comment period.
Document type: Other
Publication Date:
Focus: Adoption, Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guides (AEDGs) are a series of publications designed to provide recommendations for achieving energy savings over the minimum code requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1. This is the first step in the process toward achieving a net zero energy building—defined as a building that, on an annual basis, draws equal or less energy from outside resources than it provides using on-site, renewable energy sources. The guides have been developed in coordination with the following organizations: the American Institute of Architects, the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, the U.S. Green Building Council, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The New Building Institute participated in the development of the initial guide.More information on the AEDGs may be found on the Building Technologies Office Commercial Buildings website....
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on cool roofs, which are recommended for metal building roofs and roofs with insulation entirely above deck.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on heating and cooling system design loads for the purpose of sizing systems and equipment should be calculated in accordance with generally accepted engineering standards and handbooks such as ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on expanded recommendations for daylighting controls; photo sensor placement; calibration and commissioning; daylight levels.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on glazing; glare and contrast; window design and placement.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on visual light transmission; window and office placement; glazing; etc.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on ductwork distribution; duct insulation; duct sealing and leakage; fan motors
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on exterior lighting power; decorative façade lighting; sources.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on mass floors; steel joist or wood frame floors; slab-on-grade floors.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on lighting walls and ceilings; task lighting; reflectances; lamps and ballasts; occupancy sensors; multi-level switching; electric lighting and daylight controls; exit signs.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2010
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on the 0.9 W/ft2 foot goal for lighting power which represents an average lighting power density for the entire building. An example design describes one way (but not the only way) that this watts-per-square-foot limit can be met.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on noise path for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning units.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on insulation entirely above-deck; metal buildings; attics and other roofs; single-rafter roofs.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on service water heating types; sizing; equipment efficiency; location; pipe insulation.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: April 2008
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on testing, adjusting, and balancing; heating sources; filters.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on ventilation air; exhaust air; control strategies; carbon dioxide sensors; economizers.
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on mass walls; metal building, steel framed, wood frame and other walls
Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations
Publication Date: May 2009
Focus: Compliance
The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on thermal zones and zone temperature control.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: December 2012
Focus: Adoption
The purpose of this study is to quantify the energy code adoption rate by local jurisdictions from a sample set of 21 states. Some of the states within this sample have statewide energy codes, while others do not. Using construction starts and weighting results by localities that have or have not adopted energy codes, the findings can suggest a means of identifying which states have “effectively” adopted state-wide codes through local adoption and enforcement.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2010
Focus: Adoption
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has established ambitious goals to improve the energy efficiency requirements of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings. DOE has established near- and long-term goals of 30% and 50% energy efficiency improvements, respectively, compared to the 2006 IECC.This report presents DOE’s approach to calculating residential energy consumption for the purpose of estimating energy savings attributable to improvements in the code. This approach is then used to estimate the national average energy savings, relative to the 2006 IECC, resulting from the proposed improvements DOE submitted and supported for the 2012 IECC. DOE estimates a total reduction in energy use of 30.6% for the projected requirements of the 2012 IECC as compared to the 2006 IECC, assuming the use of the primary compliance option that involves standard-efficiency equipment. Were the high-equipment efficiency option used, the projected savings would...
Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2011
Focus: Compliance
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes the enormous potential that exists for improving the energy efficiency, safety and comfort of homes. The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) sets the bar for energy efficiency, and air sealing requirements are one of the key provisions.This guide is a resource for understanding the air leakage requirements in the 2012 IECC and suggestions on how these measures can be met. It also provides information from Building America’s Air Sealing Guide, best Practices and case studies on homes that are currently meeting the provisions. The 2012 IECC and a few International Residential Code requirements are referenced throughout the guide.
Document type: Other, Program Information, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: February 2010
Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance
In order to provide a basic introduction to the varied and complex issues associated with building energy codes, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program, with valued assistance from the International Codes Council and ASHRAE, has prepared Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction. This guide is designed to speak to a broad audience with an interest in building energy efficiency, including state energy officials, architects, engineers, designers, and members of the public.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2014
Focus: Program
Commercial and residential buildings account for approximately 41% of all energy consumption and 72% of electricity usage in the United States. Building energy codes and standards set minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction for new and renovated buildings, assuring reductions in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions over the life of buildings. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP or the Program), supports the improvement of energy efficiency in buildings.BECP periodically assesses the impacts of its activities by estimating historical and projected energy savings, consumer savings, and avoided emissions. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted the codes benefits assessment in support of the BECP. Underlying the assessment is a series of calculations that estimate and compare energy savings under two scenarios: "with BECP" and "without BECP." The analysis covers the years 1992-2040 and...
Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: June 2011
Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance
This guide provides key information to policy makers on energy codes and standards and offers guidance on how policy makers can support the creation of statewide energy efficiency goals and standards. In addition, this guide instructs policy makers on how they can:
  • Encourage the adoption of statewide codes.
  • Establish energy code awareness programs.
  • Support enforcement of and compliance with energy codes.
  • Participate in the development of model codes and standards.
  • Determine the viability of the new code.
Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2011
Focus: Compliance
This guide provides key information on energy codes tailored for architects and provides guidance on how they can support the adoption of new or updated energy codes and the resources needed to ensure compliance with what is adopted. The guide also includes information on the importance of architects in the development and compliance verification processes; information on the interface between codes and the design process; design and compliance tools; information on building construction and commissioning, and many other resources that are key to helping architects understand the important role energy codes through the design process play in addressing our energy, economic and environmental challenges.
Document type: Technical Support Document
Publication Date: October 2009
Focus: Compliance
You can use COMcheck™ to demonstrate that your commercial or high-rise residential building design complies with the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007.The COMcheck software provides a highly flexible way to demonstrate compliance with minimal input. The envelope section allows tradeoffs between envelope components, including roofs, walls, windows, floors, and skylights. The lighting section enables you to quickly determine if your lighting design meets interior-lighting power limits. The mechanical section enables you to assemble a customized list of code requirements that are applicable to the systems and equipment in your building.
Document type: Compliance Tool
Publication Date: October 2009
Focus:
You can use COMcheck™ to demonstrate that your commercial or high-rise residential building design complies with the 2004, 2006, and 2009 editions of the International Energy Conservation Code.The COMcheck software provides a highly flexible way to demonstrate compliance with minimal input. The envelope section allows tradeoffs between envelope components, including roofs, walls, windows, floors, and skylights. The lighting section enables you to quickly determine if your lighting design meets interior-lighting power limits. The mechanical section enables you to assemble a customized list of code requirements that are applicable to the systems and equipment in your building.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date:
Focus: Code Development
The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007,  90.1-2010, and 90.1-2013. This combination leads to a set of 1088 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 8.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the building descriptions, thermal zone internal loads, schedules and other key modeling...
Publication Date: June 2013
Focus: Compliance
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: September 2011
Focus: Adoption, Compliance
Conformity assessment is a term used to describe the processes followed to demonstrate that a product, service, management system, or body meets specified requirements, such as standards, codes, laws, regulations, or other criteria. With respect to energy codes, conformity assessment includes all activities and tasks undertaken by any number of entities to ensure that the provisions of an adopted energy code are achieved at a designated point in time. This report identifies and discusses conformity assessment activities and provides guidance for developing new or adjusting existing ways of verifying compliance. In addition, this report looks at different ways to ensure that the energy efficiency goals of an adopted code or standard are achieved.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: May 2013
Focus: Adoption
The purpose of this analysis is to examine the cost-effectiveness of the 2010 edition of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES1 Standard 90.1. Standard 90.1 is the model energy standard for commercial and multi-family residential buildings over three floors (ECPA, Public Law 94-385). PNNL analyzed the cost-effectiveness of changes in Standard 90.1 from 90.1-2007 to 90.1-2010, as applied in the United States. During the development of new editions of Standard 90.1, the cost-effectiveness of individual changes (addenda) is often calculated to support the deliberations of Standard Standing Project Committee (SSPC) 90.1. The process does not include analysis of the cost-effectiveness of the entire package of addenda from one version of the standard to the next. Providing States with an analysis of cost-effectiveness may encourage more rapid adoption of newer editions of energy codes based on Standard 90.1. This information may also inform the development of future editions of Standard 90.1.
Document type: Other
Publication Date:
Focus: Green and Advanced Codes
This article (published in ASHRAE Journal, January 2005) presents a compilation of resources available to assist designers in the various stages and aspects of sustainable building design.
Document type: Determination, Technical Support Document
Publication Date: September 2009
Focus:
The Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1976, as amended, requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether revisions to the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings. An “affirmative determination” for any IECC revision triggers a requirement that each state certify to DOE, within 2 years of the publication of the determination, that it has reviewed the provisions of the new code and made a determination whether it is appropriate to update its building code(s) to meet or exceed the revised IECC.
Document type: Brochures/Fliers, Program Information
Publication Date: July 2011
Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance
As our country continues to focus on saving energy and reducing emissions in the face of global climate change, it is turning to the building sector for viable solutions. The effects of energy use in residential and commercial buildings are nationwide, worldwide and varied. In the U.S. alone, residential and commercial buildings account for 40% of all energy consumption and 70% of electricity usage.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Code Development
The purpose of this analysis is to assess the relative energy and energy cost performance of commercial buildings designed to meet the requirements found in the commercial energy efficiency provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). Section 304(b) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA), as amended, requires the Secretary of Energy to make a determination each time a revised version of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 is published with respect to whether the revised standard would improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. As many states have historically adopted the IECC for both residential and commercial buildings, PNNL has evaluated the impacts of the commercial provisions of the 2006, 2009, and 2012 editions of the IECC. PNNL also compared energy performance with corresponding editions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1 to help states and local jurisdictions make informed decisions regarding model code adoption.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date:
Focus: Adoption, Green and Advanced Codes
This study analyzes measured energy performance for 121 LEED New Construction (NC) buildings, providing a critical information link between intention and outcome for LEED projects. The results show that projects certified by the USGBC LEED program average substantial energy performance improvement over non-LEED building stock. This Executive Summary briefly summarizes key study findings. See the full report for further detail on study methodology and results.
Document type: Comparison
Publication Date: May 2011
Focus: Green and Advanced Codes
Green building codes should save energy — use this comparison to evaluate how the energy efficiency requirement of basic compliance with these green building codes and beyond code programs compare to the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code and meet the sustainability goals of your community.
Document type: Analysis
Publication Date: April 2013
Focus: Code Development
The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) require a substantial improvement in energy efficiency compared to the 2006 IECC. This report averages the energy use savings for a typical new residential dwelling unit based on the 2009 and 2012 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Results are reported by the eight climate zones in the IECC and for the national average.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2014
Focus: Code Development
Complete set of the EnergyPlus TMY3 weather files for 17 climate locations associated with the ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models. See the Commercial Prototype Building Models page for the individual weather data files by Climate Zone.
Document type: Comparison
Publication Date: May 2012
Focus: Adoption
The International Code Council (ICC) published the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) in early 2012. The 2012 IECC is based on revisions, additions, and deletions to the 2009 IECC that were considered during the ICC code development process conducted in 2011. Solid vertical lines, arrows, or asterisks printed in the 2012 IECC indicate where revisions, deletions, or relocations of text respectively were made to 2009 IECC. Although these marginal markings indicate where changes have been made to the code, they do not provide any further guidance, leaving the reader to consult and compare the 2009 and 2012 IECC for more detail.
Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2011
Focus: Compliance
Ensuring compliance with HVAC control requirements is difficult, as controls can be difficult to identify on plans or in the building, yet it is a crucial task. HVAC controls are a key driver of building performance and without compliance and enforcement activities, the code requirements may be ignored, overlooked, or misunderstood.This guide provides an aid that will make it easier to apply the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control requirements found in building energy codes and addresses requirements defined by 2009 and 2012 editions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2012
Focus: Code Development
The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) prototype building models (prototype models) were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in support of DOE's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), to simulate energy savings associated with changes in energy codes and standards. For residential buildings, PNNL utilized two base prototypes to simulate both Single-family detached house, and Multi-family low-rise apartment building types. Energy models for the 2006, 2009 and 2012 versions of the IECC are available for each state.Complete IECC Prototype Building Model packages include files for every state by IECC version.Each ZIP file includes EnergyPlus model input files (.idf) and corresponding output files (.html).Note: each of these files are over 100 MB in size; download times may vary.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: May 2012
Focus: Code Development
The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) prototype building models (prototype models) were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in support of DOE's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), to simulate energy savings associated with changes in energy codes and standards. For residential buildings, PNNL utilized two base prototypes to simulate both Single-family detached house, and Multi-family low-rise apartment building types. Energy models for the 2006, 2009 and 2012 versions of the IECC are available for each state.This set of IECC Prototype Building Models is for the state of Vermont, using a customized version of the 2009 IECC as the baseline code with better slab insulation and windows and tighter duct sealing.Each ZIP file includes EnergyPlus model input files (.idf) and corresponding output files (.html).
Document type: Code Notes
Publication Date: August 2012
Focus: Compliance
The intent of the pipe insulation requirements is to reduce temperature changes while fluids are being transported through piping associated with heating, cooling or service hot water (SHW) systems, thereby saving energy and reducing operating costs.
Document type: Code Notes
Publication Date: August 2012
Focus: Compliance
The intent of the pipe insulation requirements is to reduce temperature changes while fluids are being transported through piping associated with heating, cooling or service hot water (SHW) systems, thereby saving energy and reducing operating costs.
Document type: Resource Guide
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Adoption, Code Development, Compliance
This guide provides information for anyone dealing with a lighting energy code or standard. It provides background and development information to help readers understand the basis for requirements and their intent. The guide also provides detailed explanations of the major types of requirements such that users can more effectively design to meet compliance while applying the most flexibility possible.
Publication Date: July 2013
Focus: Adoption
The energycode for one- and two-family residential structures in Louisiana is Part IV: Energy Conservation of the 2006 IRC. 2009 IECC is currently being enforced in low-rise, multifamily residential structures. ASHRAE 90.1-2007 is currently enforced for commercial construction.This letter certifies that ACT 390 of 2013 has been signed by the Governor, and it will update Part IV: Energy Conservation of the 2009 IRC effective January 1, 2014, and that ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 is the code  currently enforced by the Louisiana Office of the State Fire Marshal for commercial construction.
Document type: Compliance Tool
Publication Date: October 2010
Focus: Compliance
This document contains a flier and letter templates for use by states. Example:Buildings account for roughly 40 percent of the nation’s energy consumption. Enhancing their efficiency will lead to a stronger economy, a cleaner environment, and decreased dependence on imported oil. With this goal in mind, the (state organization), with support from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), is asking local jurisdictions to participate in a statewide study to measure compliance rates with building energy codes. This letter is meant to familiarize you with the study and to solicit your support for this important activity.
Document type: Compliance Tool, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2010
Focus: Compliance
In this document, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program provides a detailed set of procedures that may help states as they engage in activities in support of code implementation and enforcement as well as measurement of the compliance rate associated with the codes and standards named in legislation, most notably those associated with measuring and reporting rates of compliance.
Document type: Compliance Tool, Reports and Studies
Publication Date: March 2010
Focus: Compliance
To supplement the Measuring State Energy Code Compliance report, this user-friendly action plan summarizes the main procedures, shows further options, and points to several ready-made resources and web-based tools U.S Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program is releasing to support the process.
Document type: Technical Support Document
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Compliance
This report explains the methodology used to develop Version 4.4.3 of the REScheck software developed for the 1992, 1993, and 1995 editions of the MEC, and the 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2012 editions of the IECC, and the 2006 edition of the International Residential Code (IRC). Although some requirements contained in these codes have changed, the methodology used to develop the REScheck software for these editions is similar. Beginning with REScheck Version 4.4.0, support for 1992, 1993, and 1995 MEC and the 1998 IECC is no longer included, but those sections remain in this document for reference purposes.
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: April 2012
Focus: Code Development
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program has developed and established a methodology for evaluating the energy and economic performance of residential energy codes. This methodology serves two primary purposes. First, as DOE participates in the consensus processes of the International Code Council, the methodology described herein will be used by DOE to ensure that its proposals are both energy efficient and cost effective. Second, when a new version of the International Energy Conservation Code is published, DOE will evaluate the new code as a whole to establish expected energy savings and cost effectiveness, which will help states and local jurisdictions interested in adopting the new codes. DOE’s measure of cost-effectiveness balances longer-term energy savings against additions to initial costs through a life-cycle cost perspective.
Document type: Model Data
Publication Date: April 2011
Focus: Code Development
This speadsheet provides a summary of the percentage of energy savings with plug loads for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Prototype Building Models.
Document type: Comparison
Publication Date: July 2013
Focus: Regulatory
After a regulatory action has been issued, Section 6(a)(3)(E) of Executive Order (EO) 12866 requires agencies to identify in a complete, clear, and simple manner, the substantive changes between the draft submitted to The Office of Management and Budget's Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) for review and the action subsequently announced, and identify those changes in the regulatory action that were made at the suggestion or recommendation of OIRA. This OMB compare document is intended to comply with this requirement.
Document type: Comparison
Publication Date: May 2012
Focus: Regulatory
After a regulatory action has been issued, Section 6(a)(3)(E) of Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to identify in a complete, clear, and simple manner, the substantive changes between the draft of the final determination submitted to The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB's) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) for review and this final determination, and identify those changes in this determination that were made at the suggestion or recommendation of OIRA. This OMB compare document is intended to comply with this requirement.
Document type: Comparison
Publication Date: May 2012
Focus: Regulatory
After a regulatory action has been issued, Section 6(a)(3)(E) of Executive Order 12866 requires agencies to identify in a complete, clear, and simple manner, the substantive changes between the draft submitted to Office of Management and Budget's (OMB's) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) for review and the action subsequently announced, and identify those changes in the regulatory action that were made at the suggestion or recommendation of OIRA. This OMB compare document is intended to comply with this requirement.
Document type: Compliance Tool
Publication Date: June 2012
Focus: Compliance
In supporting state energy code compliance evaluations, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) has developed residential data collection checklists. The checklists are available for use as paper checklists or electronic Microsoft® Word® forms.The BECP also developed an online tool, the Checklist Score + Store. While overall compliance can be determined manually for individual buildings and groups of renovations, this tool provides automated building scores and state-wide consolidation of data. Individual building scores will remain confidential (available only to the state and their contractors), but storing data nationally will shed valuable light on nationwide compliance, as well as changes in compliance over time.Guidelines for using the following checklists to evaluate state energy code compliance can be found in...
Document type: Reports and Studies
Publication Date: February 2007
Focus: Compliance
The primary goal of this paper was to review existing energy code evaluation studies, and make recommendations for future work in this area. The secondary purpose is to address this existing body of literature as it relates to the quantification of the savings gap, defined as the energy savings foregone due to non-compliance with the energy code adopted in a state or local jurisdiction.
Document type: Brochures/Fliers
Publication Date: August 2013
Focus:
Now in it’s second year, the Institute for Market Transformation will again recognize jurisdictions for exemplary work in achieving energy code compliance with the Standard Bearers: Excellence in Energy Code Compliance Award.
Document type: Compliance Tool
Publication Date: September 2010
Focus: Compliance, Residential
This document contains sample survey questions designed for use by states wishing to conduct a survey of their building jurisdictions as one method of better understanding energy code compliance rates in their state.
Document type: Technical Support Document
Publication Date: September 2012
Focus: Compliance
This technical support document (TSD) is designed to explain the technical basis for the COMcheck software as originally developed based on the ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989 (Standard 90.1-1989). Documentation for other national model codes and standards and specific state energy codes supported in COMcheck has been added to this report as appendices. These appendices are intended to provide technical documentation for features specific to the supported codes and for any changes made for state-specific codes that differ from the standard features that support compliance with the national model codes and standards. Beginning with COMcheck version 3.8.0, support for 90.1-1989, 90.1-1999, and the 1998 IECC and version 3.9.0 support for 2000 and 2001 IECC are no longer included, but those sections remain in this document for reference purposes.
Document type: Technical Support Document
Publication Date: November 2006
Focus: Compliance
This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, a design guidance document intended to provide recommendations for achieving 30% energy savings in small office buildings over levels contained in ASHRAE Standard 90.1- 1999. This the first in a series of guides being developed by a partnership of organizations, including ASHRAE, the American Institute of Architects, the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, the New Buildings Institute, and the U.S. Department of Energy.
Document type: State-specific
Publication Date: July 2013
Focus: Adoption
The State of Tennessee, Department of Commerce and Insurance, Division of Fire Prevention certifies that it has adopted the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for one and two family dwellings and townhouses and non-State owned commercial buildings, and ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for State Buildings.
Document type: Brochures/Fliers
Publication Date: October 2010
Focus: Adoption
The purpose of this brief is to provide a discussion related to amending or not amending model codes and standards when adopting them at the federal, state, or local level. It was considered necessary based on the significant amendment activity related to energy code adoption and the observation that in almost every case mistakes are made—some as significant as inadvertently excluding key building types from the code. In some cases, governing bodies will opt to amend with the goal of increasing energy savings; this is positive, and it is necessary to have states that are trendsetters with regard to efficiency. However, it is sometimes possible for amendment activities to yield the opposite result because of increased debate about the technical provisions and the “islanding” of jurisdictions with respect to the support infrastructure available for implementation and compliance with the model codes and standards.
Document type: Program Information
Publication Date: May 2011
Focus: Adoption
Today’s energy, economic, and environmental challenges—combined with the fact that buildings consume nearly 40% of the nation’s energy—make energy codes a central part of a sustainable future.Here are 10 key reasons to adopt them.